SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE
Australian city of Sydney. It was conceived and largely built by Danish architect Jørn Utzon, finally opening in 1973 after a long gestation starting with his competition-winning design in 1957. Utzon received the Pritzker Prize, architecture's highest honour, in 2003. The Sydney Opera House was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 28 June 2007. It is one of the 20th century's most distinctive buildings and one of the most famous performing arts centres in the world. The Concert Hall, with 2,679 seats, is the home of the Sydney Symphony and used by a large number of other concert presenters. It contains the Sydney Opera House Grand Organ, the largest mechanical tracker action organ in the world, with over 10,000 pipes. The Opera Theatre, a proscenium theatre with 1,507 seats, is the Sydney home of Opera Australia and The Australian Ballet.
SYDNEY HARBOUR BRIDGE
through arch bridge across Sydney Harbour that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore. The dramatic view of the bridge, the harbour, and the nearby Sydney Opera House is an iconic image of both Sydney and Australia. The bridge is locally nicknamed "The Coat Hanger" because of its arch-based design. Under the directions of Dr J.J.C. Bradfield of the NSW Department of Public Works, the bridge was designed and built by English firm Dorman Long and Co Ltd of Middlesbrough, and opened in 1932. According to the Guinness World Records, it is the world's widest long-span bridge. It is also the fifth longest spanning-arch bridge in the world, and it is the tallest steel arch bridge, measuring 134 metres (440 ft) from top to water level. Until 1967 the Harbour Bridge was Sydney's tallest structure.
LUNA PARK SYDNEY
Luna Park Sydney (originally Luna Park Milsons Point, also known as Sydney's Luna Park) is an amusement park, in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Luna Park is located at Milsons Point, on the northern shore of Sydney Harbour. The park was constructed at the foot of the Sydney Harbour Bridge during 1935, and ran for nine-month seasons until 1972, when it was opened year-round.
Sydney Tower (also known as the AMP Tower, Westfield Centrepoint Tower, Centrepoint Tower or just Centrepoint) is Sydney's tallest free-standing structure, and the second tallest in Australia (with the Q1 building on the Gold Coast being the tallest). It is also the second tallest observation tower in the Southern Hemisphere (after Auckland's Sky Tower, though Sydney Tower's main observation deck is almost 50 m (164 ft) higher than that of Auckland's Sky Tower). The Sydney Tower is a member of the World Federation of Great Towers. The tower stands 309 m (1,014 ft) above the Sydney CBD, being located at 100 Market Street, between Pitt and Castlereagh Streets. The tower has a maximum capacity of 960 people.
SYDNEY CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICTcentral business district (CBD and popularly referred to as the City) is the main commercial centre of Sydney, New South Wales,Australia. It extends southwards for about 3 kilometres from Sydney Cove, the point of first European settlement. Its north–south axis runs fromCircular Quay in the north to Central railway station in the south. Its east–west axis runs from a chain of parkland that includes Hyde Park, The Domain, Royal Botanic Gardens and Farm Cove on Sydney Harbour in the east; to Darling Harbour and the Western Distributor in the west. The Sydney central business district is also sometimes used loosely to encompass the surrounding suburbs such as Pyrmont and Woolloomooloo.
AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL MARITIME MUSEUMmaritime museum operated as a statutory authority of the Australian Government, is located at Darling Harbour, Sydney, New South Wales. The ANMM's main exhibits are housed in a building that has galleries covering: Australian Aborigines; Navigators - defining Australia; Passengers - the long sea voyage, from convicts to boat people; Commerce - the working sea; Navy - protecting Australia; Watermarks - adventure, sport & play; Australia-USA - linked by the sea; Tasman Light features art and photographic exhibitions and the lighthouse lens and mechanism; The Cape Bowling Green Lighthouse.
SYNEY CONVENTION AND EXHIBITION CENTREDarling Harbour near the Central Business District. The building is adjacent toCockle Bay, Tumbalong Park and the Harbourside shopping centre. The Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre was a key meeting venue of APEC Australia 2007 in September, 2007 when the political leaders of the 21 member states of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation met. The venue was host to the Business Leader's Summit held in conjunction with APEC Leader's Week.
BENNELONG APARTMENTSSydney's Circular Quay. It was part of a development designed by Andrew Andersons and PTW Architects, known as Bennelong Apartments which was completed in 1998. The building is nicknamed "the toaster" due to its apparent resemblance to the kitchen appliance. In November 2007 an apartment in the building sold for $8.4 million. With an internal area of 190 square metres, the price of $44,210 per square metre is an Australian record.
World Tower is a 230 m (750 ft) skyscraper located at 91 Liverpool Street, Sydney, Australia. Construction began in 2001 and was completed in 2004. It was constructed by Meriton Apartments Pty Ltd, which is owned by developer Harry Triguboff. World Tower was the 2004 Bronze recipient of the Emporis Skyscraper Award, and was briefly Australia's tallest residential building. The architect was Nation Fender Katsalidis. World Tower consists of 73 above-ground levels, 10 basement levels, 15 elevators and 701 residential units. Each of the three residential sections of the building has a pool, spa, sauna, gymnasium, games room, virtual golf driving range, and a private 24-seat theatrette. The pool and spa areas on levels 38 and 61 offer 180° views of Sydney. There is also a childcare centre located in the building.
Chifley Tower is a skyscraper in Sydney, Australia. When measured to the top of its spire, it is considered the second-tallest building in Sydney. It was designed by Travis McEwen and Kohn Pedersen Fox (Project Architect: Nigel Dickson) , New York-based architects. Located at 2 Chifley Square, its cross streets are Hunter, Phillip and Bent Streets with the main entry being on Phillip Street., Due to its prominent location in the north-east CBD, the tower has broad harbour views from its 42 storeys. The tower is used primarily for commercial use, mostly financial institutions, law firms and corporations. A 3-metre lightning rod was added in 2000, but is not counted by CTBUH as it does not constitute an architectural feature. To stop the tower from moving in the wind a giant steel pendulum weighing 400 tonnes is held from 8×75 mm wires near the rooftop. Level 41 Restaurant is 185 m above street level.
m (797 ft) skyscraper located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The building is currently the 10th tallest building in Australia but upon completion in 2000 was the 8th tallest. Citigroup Centre is also the tallest building in the city. The architect is Crone and Associates. One of Sydney's major railway stations, Town Hall, is located opposite and is connected by a lower ground floor retail arcade link. A major bus interchange is located at the Queen Victoria Building providing bus services to many destinations around Sydney and is serviced by a monorail station, which provides easy access to other parts of the City, including Darling Harbour.
DEUTSCHE BANK PLACEm (790 ft) skyscraper in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is located at 126 Phillip Street (corner of Hunter Street) in the north-eastern end of the central business district, across the road from Chifley Tower. Construction began in 2002 and was completed in 2005. The building's architect is Norman Foster of Foster and Partners. Deutsche Bank is the primary tenant, occupying 9 floors and owning the naming rights. This building is the second-tallest building in the world with fewer than 40 floors. Al Faisaliyah Center (Riyadh) is taller. The net lettable area is 42,965m², with space for only 78 cars. Construction costs totaled A$450 million.
GOVERNOR PHILIP TOWERMuseum of Sydney are the main elements of one of the largest developments in the City of Sydney. Completed in 1994, they occupy an elevated site in the Central Business District’s prestigious north-east area. It incorporates the site of the first Government House, one of Australia’s earliest and most significant National Heritage sites. The address is 1 Farrer Place, Sydney. Designed by architects Denton Corker Marshall and built by Australia's largest privately owned construction company Grocon, it is regarded as achieving new standards for Sydney commercial architecture in terms of finish quality and design.
MUSEUM OF SYDNEYArthur Phillip on the present-day corner of Phillip andBridge Street, Sydney. The original house, which was Australia's first Government House, was built in 1788 and exposed by archaeologists in 1983.The building was designed by Denton Corker Marshall architects. The museum was built as part of the Governor Phillip Tower development and is managed by the Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales. The Museum of Sydney explores colonial and contemporary Sydney through objects, pictures and new digital media techniques. Panoramic views of Sydney - from 1788 until today - stretch across walls and video screens. Sydney's convict era is explored in a giant showcase of goods and chattels recovered from more than 25 archaeological digs.
SYDNEY FOOTBALL STADIUM
Sydney Football Stadium is located in Moore Park, in Sydney, New South Wales. It was built in 1988, to be the city's premier "rectangular field" for rugby league. It is also now used for soccer and rugby union for major matches and domestic competition. Prior to its construction, major events were usually held at the Sydney Cricket Ground, as it was the largest stadium in Sydney. But the SCG, being an oval field, was not considered ideal for sports requiring a rectangular field like soccer, rugby league and rugby union, although it had been used many times for such events. The Sydney Football Stadium was built upon the former Sydney Sports Ground in Moore Park, adjacent to the SCG, and is owned by the SCG Trust. Its seating capacity was 41,159, but after numerous expansions, today stands at 45,500, although the venue's official record attendance for a sporting event stands at 43,967, for the 1994 FIFA World Cup Qualifier whenAustralia played Argentina.
SYDNEY OLYMPIC PARKsuburb in western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Sydney Olympic Park is located 16 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Auburn Council. Originally part of the suburb of Homebush Bay, the area was redeveloped for the 2000 Olympics. The facilities built continue to be used for sporting and cultural events, including the Sydney Royal Easter Show, Sydney Festival, Big Day Out and a number of world-class sporting fixtures. The suburb also contains commercial development and extensive parklands.
STADIUM AUSTRALIAnaming rights, formerly known as Telstra Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium located in the Sydney Olympic Park precinct of Homebush Bay. The stadium, which in Australia is sometimes referred to simply as the "Olympic Stadium", was completed in March 1999 at a cost of A$690 million to host the 2000 Summer Olympics. The stadium has since hosted the 2003 Rugby World Cup finals, as well as annual centerpiece matches of the National Rugby League competition (e.g. NSW vs. QLDand finals) and Australian rugby (e.g. Bledisloe Cup and NSW vs. QLD). The stadium was originally built to temporarily hold 110,000 spectators, making it the largest Olympic Stadium ever built as well as the largest stadium in Australia. In 2003 reconfiguration work was completed to shorten the north and south wings, and install movable seating. These changes reduced the capacity to 83,500 for a rectangular field and 81,500 for an oval field (making it the second largest stadium in Australia after the Melbourne Cricket Ground).
ANZAC BRIDGERoads and Traffic Authority), replacing the earlier Glebe Island Bridge, is a largecable-stayed bridge spanning Johnstons Bay between Pyrmont and Glebe Island (part of the suburb of Rozelle) in proximity to the central business district of Sydney, Australia. The bridge forms part of the Western Distributor freeway leading from the Sydney CBD and Cross City Tunnel to the suburbs of the Inner West and Northern Sydney. The ANZAC Bridge is the longest span cable-stayed bridge in Australia. The bridge is 32.2 metres (106 ft) wide and the main span is 345 metres (1,132 ft) long. The reinforced concrete pylons are 120 metres (390 ft) high and support the deck by two planes of stay cables. Initially the stay cables were plagued by vibrations which have since been resolved by the addition of thin stabilising cables between the stay cables. The new bridge was built by Baulderstone and opened on December 3, 1995.
SYDNEY ENTERTAINMENT CENTREHaymarket, Sydney, Australia. It opened in May 1983, to replaceSydney Stadium, which had been demolished to make way for a new railway. The centre is currently owned by the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority, which administers the neighbouring Darling Harbour area, and managed under a lease. It is one of Sydney's larger concert venues, accommodating 12,000 people, as a conventional theatre or 8,000, as a theatre-in-the-round. It is averaging an attendance of 1 million people each year and hosts concerts, family shows, sporting events and corporate events.
STAR CITY CASINO
Star City Hotel and Casino (formerly Sydney Harbour Casino) in Pyrmont, Sydney, is the second largest casino in Australia after rival Melbourne'sCrown Casino. Overlooking Darling Harbour, Star City features two gaming floors, eight bars, seven restaurants, three hundred and fifty one hotel rooms and one hundred and thirty serviced and privately owned apartments. It has Sydney's premier theatre, the 2000 seat Lyric Theatre.
Acer Arena is a large entertainment and sporting complex located in Sydney, Australia. It is situated in Sydney Olympic Park, and was completed in 1999 as part of the facilities for the 2000 Summer Olympics. The arena was originally known as the Sydney SuperDome until 11 May 2006, when Acer Inc., a Taiwan-based multinational computer technology and electronics corporation purchased the naming rights. Acer Arena is ranked in the top 10 arenas worldwide. It was also a finalist for the 2010 Billboard Touring Awards in the top venue category. Capable of holding up to 21,000 people, Acer Arena is the largest permanent indoor venue in Australia.
MLC CENTREskyscraper in Sydney, Australia. This office building is 228 metres (748 ft) high and has 60 storeys. Occupants include the Sydney Consulate of the United States of America. The podium of the building includes a shopping centre with several exclusive fashion labels and a 1,186 seat theatre, the Theatre Royal. The street address is 19-29 Martin Place Sydney. The building was designed by Sydney architect Harry Seidler, and remains one of his most definitive works. The building's construction was controversial, since it brought about the demolition in 1972 of the opulent 19th century Australia Hotel and the Theatre Royal, which formerly stood on the site, as well as much of the historic Rowe Street precinct.The building was awarded the Sir John Sulman medal by the Royal Australian Institute of Architects.
LATITUDESydney, Australia. The building's official name isErnst & Young Tower at Latitude and is located on the corner of George and Goulburn streets. The building comprises a low rise office, a retail complex incorporating a series of laneways and a high rise commercial tower for Ernst & Young. The 51 storey structure is 190 m in height and 222 m to the top of the spire. The building also comprises the head quarters for Austereo and Hoyts. The building was opened in January 2005. It was built by Multiplex.
AURORA PLACERenzo Piano's award-winning office tower and residential block on Sydney's Macquarie Street. Its official name is the RBS Tower building. The 41-storey structure is 218 m high to the top of the spire and 188 m to the roof. The building has an unusual geometric shape where not one panel is parallel to any grid. The east façade bulges out slightly from its base, reaching its maximum width at the top floors. The curved and twisted shape of east façade is aimed to correspond spatially with Sydney Opera House and to represent the sublime marine environment of the harbour. The exterior glass curtain-wall extends beyond the main frame, creating an illusion of its independence. The steel spire attached to the north facade is 75 m in length.
Sydney skyscraper located at Grosvernor and Lang Streets Sydney NSW Australia. It was designed for Qantas by Joseland & Gilling architects, and was completed in 1982. The Centre is used for commercial offices and is 182m tall, and 42 levels high, to the roof, although the rooftop structure brings the total height to 193m. The majority of floor space is occupied by Suncorp; the remainder by a mix of mainly financial businesses.