BEIJINGBEIJING NATIONAL STADIUM
stadium in Beijing, China. The stadium was designed for use throughout the 2008 Summer Olympics and Paralympics. Located in the Olympic Green, the stadium cost US$423 million. The design was awarded to a submission from the Swiss architecture firm Herzog & de Meuron in April 2003 after a bidding process that included 13 final submissions. The stadium's design originally called for a capacity of 100,000 people; however 9,000 were removed during a simplification of the design. The new total of 91,000 would be shaved further when 11,000 temporary seats were removed after the 2008 Olympics; bringing the stadium's capacity to 80,000. The farthest seat is 460 feet (140 metres) from center field. Temperature and airflow of every surface were optimized to increase ventilation.
Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is widely used as a national symbol. First built during the Ming Dynasty in 1420, Tian'anmen is often referred to as the front entrance to the Forbidden City. However, the Meridian Gate (午门) is the first entrance to the Forbidden City proper, while Tiananmen was the entrance to the Imperial City, within which the Forbidden City was located. Tian'anmen is located to the north of Tiananmen Square, across the street from the plaza from Chang'an Avenue.
Qianmen is the colloquial name for Zhengyangmen, a gate in Beijing's historic city wall. The gate is situated to the south of Tiananmen Squareand once guarded the southern entry into the Inner City. Although much of Beijing's city walls were demolished, Qianmen remains an important geographical marker of the city. The city's central north-south axis passes through Zhengyangmen's main gate. It was formerly named Lizhengmen , meaning "beautiful portal".
NATIONAL CENTRE FOR THE PERFORMING ARTSopera house in Beijing, People's Republic of China. The Centre, an ellipsoid dome of titanium and glass surrounded by an artificial lake, seats 5,452 people in three halls and is almost 12,000 m² in size. It was designed by French architect Paul Andreu. Construction started in December 2001 and the inaugural concert was held in December 2007. The location, immediately to the west of Tiananmen Square and the Great Hall of the People, and near theForbidden City, combined with the theatre's futuristic design, created considerable controversy.
MAUSOLEUM OF MAO ZEDONG
Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death in 1976. Although Mao had wished to be cremated, his body was embalmed, and construction of a mausoleum began shortly after his death. This highly popular attraction is located in the middle of Tiananmen Square, in Beijing, the capital of China. On this site had previously stood the Gate of China, the southern (main) gate of the Imperial City during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF CHINATiananmen Square in Beijing, China. The mission of the museum is to educate about the arts and history of China. It is directed by the Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China. The Museum of Chinese History covers Chinese history from the Yuanmou Man of 1.7 million years ago to the end of the Qing Dynasty (the last imperial dynasty). The National Museum of China contains over 620,385 cultural items in its permanent art collection, and the museum displays many precious and rare Chinese historical artifacts that are not found in many other museums in China and around the world.
The Capital Museum located at 16 Fuxingmenwai Dajie, Xicheng District is an art museum in Beijing, China. It opened in 1981 while the present building was built in the late 1990s and it houses a variety of items from imperial China as well as other Asian cultures. Part of the museum's collections were formerly housed in the Confucius Temple on Guozijian Road in Beijing. The Capital Museum today contains over 200,000 cultural relics in its collection, only a small fraction of it are exhibited, and a significant percentage of the museum's art collection came from artifacts unearthed in Beijing.
The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost five hundred years, it served as the home of emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government. Built in 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 buildings with 8,707 bays of rooms and covers 720,000 m2 (7,800,000 sq ft). The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia and elsewhere. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.
PALEOZOOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF CHINA
The Paleozoological Museum of China is located in Beijing. The same building also houses the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (affiliated with the Chinese Academy of Sciences). The museum containing exhibition halls with specimens aimed at the public, while the rest of the building is used for research purposes.
GEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF CHINA
The Geological Museum of China, built in 1916, is a geological museum, boasting 200 thousand specimens. This museum is located in the Xisi area of Beijing and opened on October 1, 1959. It is the earliest geological scientific museum of China. At present, the Geological Museum of China has more than 100,000 geological specimens.
BEIJING CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICTBeijing Central Business District, or Beijing CBD, is the primary area of finance, media, and business services in Beijing, China. Beijing CBD occupies 3.99 km2of the Chaoyang District on the east side of the city. Geographically situated to the east of the city center, sandwiched between the 3rd Ring Road and the 4th Ring Road, the Beijing CBD is currently undergoing large-scale development.
CHINA WORLD TRADE CENTER TOWER III
China World Trade Center Tower III is a supertall skyscraper with 81 floors, 4 underground floors, and 30 elevators in Beijing, China. It is the third phase of development of the China World Trade Center complex in Beijing's central business district of Chaoyang at the junction of the East Third Ring Road and Jian Guo Men Wai Avenue. The building topped out at 330 m (1,083 ft) on 29 October 2007 and completed in early 2009. It is used for office and hotel space, with retail at its base. The building houses a 278-room 5-star hotel, a 1,600-seat grand ballroom and a carparklocated at basement level. The office space is located on floors 1 to 55. Floors 64 to 77 are occupied by the hotel with a lobby on the 71st floor. Floors 79 to 81 are used for a restaurant and an observation deck. The four elevators that lead directly from the lobby to the 72nd floor are Schindler 7000 and reach a maximum speed of 10 meters per second.
CHINA WORLD TRADE CENTER TOWER
The China World Trade Center is located in the central business district of Beijing, China. The construction started in 1985 and was completed in 1990. It is the top upmarket commercial mixed-use development. It is widely reputed as "The Place Where China Meets The World".
BEIJING YINTAI CENTRE
Beijing Yintai Centre is located in the core of Beijing's Central Business District. It is a three-towered structure with the central tower rising 250m high and the two flanking towers about 186m. The central tower consists of Park Hyatt Beijing, Penthouses and Residences. The project was designed by John Portman and is an outstanding landmark along Beijing's Chang'an Avenue.
BEIJING TV CENTRE
Beijing TV Centre is a 41-floor 239 meter (784 foot) tall skyscraper completed in 2006 located in Beijing, China. It was designed by Japanese company Nikken Sekkei. The building is home to the Beijing Television company- and is NOT the CCTV tower which is another building nearby.
FORTUNE PLAZA OFFICE BUILDING 1
Fortune Plaza Office Building 1 is a 63-floor 260 meter (853 foot) tall skyscraper in Beijing, China.
CHINA CENTRAL TELEVISION HEADQUARTERS
The CCTV Headquarters is a 234 m (768 ft), 44-storey skyscraper in the Beijing Central Business District (CBD) and serves as headquarters for China Central Television (CCTV). Groundbreaking took place on 1 June 2004 and the building's facade was completed in 1 January 2008. Rem Koolhaas andOle Scheeren of OMA were the architects in charge for the building, while Arup provided the complex engineering design. The main building is not a traditional tower, but a loop of six horizontal and vertical sections covering 473,000 m (1,552,000 ft) of floor space, creating an irregular grid on the building's facade with an open center.
JING GUANG CENTRE
Haidian District, Beijing, China. It is geographically situated in the northwestern part of Beijing city, in a band between the northwestern Third Ring Road and the northwestern Fourth Ring Road. Zhongguancun is very well known in China, and is often referred to as "China's Silicon Valley". Hailong Market, Guigu Market, Taipingyang Market, Dinghao Market and Kemao Market are the five prominent IT and electronics markets. They are technology bazaars, famous for their "shops with a shop", where prices are easily but grudgingly bargained. Zhongguancun shops mainly deal in PC-compatible hardware, peripherals and software. AppleCentre and Apple Experience Centre are also close by. Many world renowned technology companies built their Chinese headquarters and research centers in Zhongguancun Technology Park, such as Google, Intel, AMD, Oracle Corporation, Motorola,Sony, and Ericsson. Microsoft is building its Chinese research headquarters in the park that costs $280 million. Once it is completed, it can accommodate 5000 employees. The development center of Loongson, which is China's first general-purpose microprocessor design, is also in the Zhongguancun area.
BEIJING NATIONAL AQUATICS CENTERBeijing National Stadium in the Olympic Green for the swimming competitions of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Ground was broken on December 24, 2003, and the Center was completed and handed over for use on January 28, 2008. Swimmers at the Water Cube broke 25 world records during the 2008 Olympics. After the Olympics, the building underwent a 200 million Yuan revamp to turn half of its interior into a water park. Using the Weaire–Phelan geometry, the Water Cube's exterior cladding is made of 4,000 ETFE bubbles, some as large as 9.14 metres (30.0 ft) across, with seven different sizes for the roof and 15 for the walls. Although called the Water Cube, the aquatic center is really a rectangular box (cuboid)- 178 metres (584 ft) square and 31 metres (102 ft) high.
BEIJING INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GYMNASIUMBeijing Institute of Technology in Beijing, China. It hosted volleyballcompetitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics and the goalball competition at the 2008 Summer Paralympics.
NATIONAL INDOOR STADUIMOlympic Green in Beijing, China. The stadium was constructed for the 2008 Summer Olympics. It is nicknamed the Fan due to its design resembling a traditional Chinese folding fan. The stadium opened its doors on November 26, 2007 for the artistic Gymnastics test event. At the 2008 Olympics, it hosted the Artistic Gymnastics, Trampolining, and Handball events. After the Olympics, the stadium can be used for sports competition, cultural and entertaining purposes, and will serve as a multi-functional exercise center for local residents. The stadium has a capacity of 18,000 people.
BEIJING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY GYMNASIUMUniversity of Science and Technology Beijing. The venue covers an area of 2.38 hectares and the total floor space of construction reaches 24,662 square metres. The seating capacity is 8,024 seats, including 3,956 temporary ones. It consists of a main gym and a comprehensive facility. Construction started on October 2005 and was completed in August 2007. At the 2008 Summer Olympics it hosted the judo and taekwondo matches. During the 2008 Summer Paralympics, it hosted the preliminary rounds ofwheelchair basketball and the wheelchair rugby competition. After the Olympic Games, the gymnasium could be used to host sport competitions, art performances, and cultural activities. It will also continue to serve the campus.
BEIJING SHOOTING RANGE HALL
The Beijing Shooting Range Hall is a shooting hall located in Shijingshan District, Beijing. It hosted the qualifying rounds and finals of ten shooting events at the 2008 Summer Olympics, consisting of all 10-, 25- and 50-metre events. It was the venue of the first gold medal awarded at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. The entire shooting sports events for the 2008 Summer Paralympics were also held at this venue. Construction of the venue broke ground on July 13, 2004 and was completed on July 28, 2007. It was used for a pre-Olympic test event in April 2008 as part of the 2008 ISSF World Cup. The venue, with a total surface area of 45,645 square meters, contains qualification competition halls, a final competition hall, a storehouse, a room for armed police use, a heating and ventilation equipment room, and an electric transformer room. The venue has a total seating capacity for 8,600 spectators, with 2,170 permanent seats and 6,430 removable seats. The qualification competition halls can seat 6,100 and the final competition hall can seat 2,500.
BEIJING WUKESONG CULTURE AND SPORTS CENTRE
The Beijing Olympic Basketball Gymnasium or Wukesong Indoor Stadium is an indoor arena for the 2008 Summer Olympics basketball preliminaries and finals. Ground was broken on March 29, 2005 and construction was completed on 11 January 2008. The stadium has a capacity of 18,000 and covers an area of 63,000 square metres. It was scaled back from its original design due to a 43% budget cut.
CHINA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY GYMNASIUM
The China Agricultural University Gymnasium is an indoor arena located on the campus of the China Agricultural University in Beijing. It hosted the wrestling events of the2008 Summer Olympics. The Gymnasium's rooftop has a staggered, stair-like design. t covers an area of 23,950 square metres and has a capacity of 8,200 which will be reduced to 6000. It will also be turned into a sports complex for students of the China Agricultural University after the Olympic Games.
LAOSHAN VELODROMEvelodrome that is located in Laoshan, Shijingshan District, Beijing,China. It was built for the 2008 Summer Olympics. The venue was tested during the UCI Track World Cup in December 2007. The velodrome hosted track cycling disciplines during the Olympics. It has a capacity of 6,000 spectators, a 250-metre oval shaped track, and a total land surface of 32,920 square metres. The Laoshan Velodrome will be used for international and national cycling competitions and training after the Olympic Games. The seating capacity may be reduced to 3,500.
OLYMPIC GREEN TENNIS CENTERtennis centre located in the Olympic Green. It opened on 1 October 2007. It hosted the tennis preliminaries and finals of singles and doubles for men and women at the Beijing 2008 Olympics as well as theParalympic wheelchair tennis competitions. The tennis centre covers an area of 41.22 acres (166,800 m2) with a floor space of 285,394 sq ft (26,514.0 m2). According to the requirements of the Olympic Games, the centre will have 10 competition courts and 6 training courts, with a capacity of 17,400 seats.
PEKING UNIVERSITY GYMNASIUM
Peking University Gymnasium nicknamed China's Spine is an indoor arena located in the southeastern part of Peking University in Beijing, China. The gymnasium was constructed for the 2008 Summer Olympics and hosted the table tennis events of the 2008 Summer Olympics and the Paralympics. The gymnasium is the first in the world specifically designed for table tennis. he gymnasium has a floor space of 26,900 m², 6,000 permanent seats and 2,000 temporary seats. It was completed in August 2007.
SHUNYI OLYMPIC ROWING-CANOEING PARKrowing, canoeing and 10 km open-water swimming events in the 2008 Summer Olympics. It is located in Mapo Village in the Shunyi District in Beijing. The slalom course is generally considered to be very tough, even by Olympic standards. The water speed is 7.5 meters/second. With a drop of 6.3 meters (21 ft), the 300-meter course has a 2.1% slope of 20.9 m/km (110 ft/mile).
WORKERS INDOOR ARENA
The Workers' Indoor Arena, also known as Beijing Workers' Gymnasium is an indoor arena located west of the Workers Stadium in Beijing, China. It was inaugurated in 1961 for the 26th World Table Tennis Championships. It hosted the boxing events at the 2008 Summer Olympics and the Judo events at the 2008 Summer Paralympics. It is one of 11 Beijing-based venues to be renovated and upgraded for the Olympics. The arena has a maximum seating capacity of 13,000.
The Workers Stadium often called Gongti orGong Ti, is a multi-purpose stadium in the Chaoyang District of north-eastern Beijing, China. It is mostly used for football (soccer) matches.The stadium was built in 1959 and it was last renovated in 2004 (as part of the renovation, the concrete structure was strengthened, a new rotating display screen was installed, and energy-saving devices have been installed). It currently has a capacity of 66,161 and covers a land area of 350,000 square meters. It is one of the Ten Great Buildings constructed in 1959 for the 10th anniversary of the People's Republic of China.
YING TUNG NATATORIUM
The Ying Tung Natatorium is a swimming venue located in the Olympic Sports Centre in Beijing, China. It has been upgraded for the 2008 Summer Olympics and hosted water polo matches and the swimming part of the modern pentathlon event. It has a seating capacity of 4,852. The natatorium has been expanded to 44,635 square metres. The renovations were complete by September 10, 2007.It is named after Henry Fok Ying Tung, a businessman who left a large amount of money toward Olympics constructions.
BEIJING CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORTairport serving Beijing, China. It is located 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Beijing's city center in an enclave of Chaoyang District that is surrounded by rural Shunyi District. The airport is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, a state-controlled company. The airport's IATA Airport Code, PEK, is based on the city's former romanized name,Peking.Beijing Capital has rapidly ascended in rankings of the world's busiest airports in the past decade. It had become the busiest airport in Asia in terms of passenger traffic and total traffic movements by 2009. Beijing Capital International Airport is currently the 2nd busiest airport in the world in terms of passenger throughput behind Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. The airport registered 488,495 aircraft movements (take-offs and landings), which ranked 10th in the world, making Beijing Capital the only Asian airport in the Top 30. In terms of cargo traffic, Beijing airport has also witnessed rapid growth. By 2009, the airport had become the 14th busiest airport in the world by cargo traffic, registering 1,420,997 tonnes.
BEIJING NANYUAN AIRPORTBeijing,People's Republic of China . Located in the southern portion of the city, in Fengtai District, and 3 kilometres south of the Fourth Ring Road and 13 kilometres from Tiananmen Square, Nanyuan Airport was first opened in 1910, making it the oldest airport in China. It is primarily a military airfield but also equipped with a terminal capable of handling 1.2 million passengers per year and presently serves as the base of China United Airlines. Nanyuan Airport plans to close once the new Beijing Airport, currently being constructed in Daxing District, which is expected to be completed by October 2017. In 2008, Nanyuan Airport witnessed high growth rate. The total number of passengers served increased by 80.1%, reaching 1,357,038; total freight loaded/unloaded reached 13,243 tonnes, which was a 65.6% increase from the previous year. Traffic movements also had a very strong growth rate of 72.2%, registering 12,245.
Shifeng Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge on Beijing's western 5th Ring Road. It is near Wanping, near the Marco Polo Bridge. Nearly 1.4 kilometres in length, it is a trademark bridge of the 5th Ring Road. Under the bridge runs many railways to other parts of China. The bridge is so named because it crosses from Shijingshan District into Fengtai District. Shifeng Bridge is well illuminated at night.
The Beijing Hotel is a five-star state-owned hotel in theDongcheng District of Beijing, China. Construction of the hotel began in 1900 and was completed in 1915, making the hotel one of the oldest in Beijing. During the July 7 incident in 1937, the hotel was taken over by Japanese forces and later by the Kuomintang government. Later, the banquet hall served guests such as Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai at the inauguration of the People's Republic. Additional wings were added in 1954, 1974 and 2001, bringing the total number of rooms and suities to over 700.
Fairmont Beijing hotel is located in Beijing Central Business District and close to major office landmarks and shopping areas including the LG Twin Tower, Capital/SK Tower, The China World Trade Center, and Beijing Yintai Centre. The hotel was the first entry point of Fairmont Hotels & Resorts into China.
GRAND HYATT BEIJINGChina’s capital Beijing, launched in October 2001. It is located at the crossroads of Chang An Avenue and Wangfujing and is part of the Oriental Plaza – China’s largest commercial complex. Awarded as the best business hotel in Beijing by 21 century news paper. Prized as the Asia top 50 hotels by CONDÉ NAST TRAVELLER.
The Minzu Hotel is one of the Ten Great Buildings of Beijing, People's Republic of China. The Minzu Hotel is located on West Chang'an Avenue. It has hosted numerous foreign delegations, and is often used for press conferences. The 10-storey hotel has 507 rooms.
COSCO BUILDING (China Ocean Shipping Company)
CHINA MERCHANTS INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL CENTRE